Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein)
Photos with Leon Trotsky
BiographyYanovka, Kherson, Russian Empire [now Ukraine]
Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army, killing over a million of White Army officers and Cossacks, upon orders from V.I. Lenin. He drafted obedient peasants and workers in the Red Army, but he proved himself a poor leader and lost a war against Poland's Army of Pilsudsky. Trotsky and his arch-rival, Joseph Stalin, struggled for power after Lenin's death in 1924. Read more... by 1929, and expelled him from Russia in 1936. Trotsky spent the rest of his life in exile, living in the home of Mexican communist artist Diego Rivera in Mexico. There he was writing and preaching revolution, until he was assassinated by a Spanish communist Ramon Mercader in 1940.