General Emilio Mola y Vidal was born on June 9, 1887, in Placetas, Cuba, where his father was stationed as a Spanish Army officer. He enrolled in the Infantry Academy in 1907, and served in the Spanish colonial war against the Rif tribes in Morocco, where he was decorated for bravery. He went on to become director of security in the left-wing Popular Front government. In Feburary, 1936, he was posted to Pamplona as military governor. His conservative politics had made him unpopular with the Communist dominated government, and he joined the plot by army officers to overthrow it. Read more... drive made him the group's chief of planning. After Francisco Franco started the revolt in Spanish Morocco, Mola proclaimed the revolt in effect, which was the start of the Spanish Civil War, on July 19, 1936. When the chief plotter, General Sanjurjo, was killed in a plane crash, Mola got command of the northern Nationalist forces, while Franco commanded in the south. It was at this time that Mola made a radio address that described Nationalist sympathizers in Madrid as a "fifth column," the first time the term was used. Emilio Mola was killed in a plane crash on June 3, 1937, six days shy of his fiftieth birthday. His body was buried at Pamplona, but was moved in 1961 to the Valley of the Fallen, outside Madrid.